We’ve to speed up the process of energy transition

As far as the global climate crisis is concerned, in the last few years, Indian government has done a lot to improve the situation, and still the government is working on that. With a new vigour, our journey accelerated from COP 26 (Glasgow, November 2021) – and today our country truly possesses a praiseworthy list of development plans that have been presented in the recently concluded Conference of Parties (COP 27).

Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change; Bhupender Yadav; who was leading the Indian delegation to COP 27, launched the country’s long-term Low Emission Development Strategy in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), during the 27th Conference of Parties.

According to the plan for the power sector included in the strategy, India’s focus will be on the rational utilization of national resources with due regard to energy security. The transitions from fossil fuels will be undertaken in a just, smooth, sustainable and all-inclusive manner. The National Hydrogen Mission launched in 2021 aims to make India a green hydrogen hub. The rapid expansion of green hydrogen production, increasing electrolyser manufacturing capacity in the country, and three-fold increase in nuclear capacity by 2032 are some of the other milestones that are envisaged alongside overall development of the power sector.

As per India Energy Outlook 2021 of the IEA, India was the third largest global emitter of CO2, despite low per capita CO2 emissions. CO2 contributed more than 78% of India’s total GHG emissions (2016), and the energy sector contributed more than 92% of all CO2 emissions from the country. Thus, to fulfil our recent commitments, by hook or crook we have to build the 500 GW of non-fossil fuel-based energy capacity by 2030.

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