An in-depth analysis on how IoT based monitoring system enhances performance of distribution transformers.
If the selection of inappropriate specifications switchgears go unnoticed, it may jeopardize safety of man and machines both. Therefore, utmost care is required, while designing an electrical protective scheme as far as selection of CTs of correct specifications, switchgears, etc is concerned.
An analysis of the current during an over excitation condition shows a predominant 5th harmonic component while analysis of inrush current shows a predominant 2nd Harmonic component. These characteristics help to differentiate an over excitation condition from inrush current condition. - Rajesh Chourishi
Utilities and transformer manufacturers focus on the design and manufacture of environmentally-friendly transformers that are nonhazardous while offering improved life cycle costs with minimal maintenance. These transformers offer reduced carbon footprint, reduced levels of pollution (water, soil, noise), enhanced lifecycle costs, enhanced product lifetime, and enhanced fire safety…
Selection of the Circuit Breaker has to be done carefully, so that it does not allow the transformer to exceed the permissible winding temperature. The built-in Bi-metallic strips mounted in the Circuit Breaker, located below the top oil, achieve the temperature sensing function. The circuit breaker thus provides Thermal matching with the transformer & protects it against over loads... - C.V.Govinda Raju
The major operating challenge to transformer differential protection is maintaining security during CT saturation for external faults while maintaining sensitivity to detect low magnitude internal faults. CT saturation reduces the secondary output from the CT, and cause a false differential current to appear to relay… - Shrotriya Keyal
Electrical equipment like transformer, generator, CTs, PTs and motor requires to be protected from over voltages. Surge arrester is used to protect these equipments from lightning and switching over voltages. Modern day’s surge arrester uses Metal oxide varistor as an active element and provides exceptional overvoltage protection to the equipment connected to the power system... - Abhijit Dhamale, P Kirushnaraj
Transformers are a critical and expensive equipment in the power system network. They function as a node to connect two different voltage levels. Hence, the availability of their service is vital in maintaining the continuous power supply to consumers. Since many decades, differential protection provides the best overall protection for a power transformer to protect against faults... - Narri Yadaiah, Nagireddy Ravi
With the increasing use of Dry type transformers, it is important for the utilities and the regulators to have norms for losses for Dry type transformers – as we have norms for oil immersed transformers in form of star labelling programme... - Sailesh Purohit, Thomas Lim, Radoslaw Szewczyk
Almost after a decade, US economy on rising trend, a very good news for all of us. India is also an emerging economy, where power sector has to play crucial role. - Aqeel Ahmad